Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (GOBAR-DHAN) 1

In News: Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (GOBAR-DHAN) scheme was first announced in Budget 2018

About Gobar Dhan Yojana

  • Under Minister for Drinking Water and Sanitation
  • The main aim of Gobar Dhan Yojana is to make farmers self-reliant apart from converting waste to energy. 
  • This scheme will help in managing and reuse cattle dung and thus makes the nation “Open Defecation Free”. 


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  • The important features and highlights of this scheme are as follows:-
  • Central govt. has launched Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (Gobar Dhan) Scheme to promote the management of cattle dung and reusing it.
  • Subsequently, this scheme will contribute towards “Swachh Bharat Mission” and help in making India ODF Free.
  • In addition to this, Gobar Dhan scheme will improve the life of people living in rural areas.
  • Moreover, farmers can utilize this solid waste & cow dung in their farms and reuse it as compost, fertilizer, biogas and also as biofuel.
  • Central govt. has also identified 115 districts where the government will make investment in various social services and develop them as role models. 

Objectives of Gobardhan Scheme

  • The main objectives of the Gobardhan Scheme is to increase rural income, rural jobs and to keep villages clean through solid waste management. 
  • Accordingly, Gobar Dhan Scheme 2020 aims to positively impact the Gram Panchayats with 3Es, which are as follows:-
    • Energy : Self-reliance with respect to energy through utilisation of agricultural and animal waste to generate bio-energy through biogas plants.
    • Empowerment : Engaging rural people, especially women self-help groups in construction, management and day to day operations of biogas plants.
    • Employment : Generating jobs among the rural youth and women through collection of waste, transportation to treatment plants, management of treatment plants, sale and distribution of bio-gas generated etc.
  • The scheme is intended to manage and convert cattle dung and solid waste in farms to compost, bio-slurry, bio-gas and bio-CNG. 
  • This initiative shall support biodegradable waste recovery and conversion of waste into resources.




Swachh Bharat Mission

  • SBM is intended at accelerating the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage.
  • It aims at achieving Open Defecation Free (ODF) nation and a Swachh Bharat (Clean India) by 2nd Oct, 2019, the 150th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • SBM is being implemented by the Ministry of Urban Development in Urban areas and by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation in Rural areas.


  • Elimination of open defecation
  • Eradication of Manual Scavenging
  • Modern and Scientific Municipal Solid Waste Management
  • To effect behavioral change regarding healthy sanitation practices
  • Generate awareness about sanitation and its linkage with public health
  • Capacity Augmentation for ULB‘s
  • Creating an enabling environment for private sector participation.


  • Household toilets, including conversion of insanitary latrines into pour-flush latrines;
  • Community toilets
  • Public toilets
  • Solid waste management
  • Public Awareness and IEC





  • Behaviour change is the primary focus and fundamental tool for achievement of ODF outcomes.
  • This is carried out through the Ministry’s focused Information, Education and Communication (IEC) programme.
  • It also promotes gender sensitive information, behaviour change guidelines and various mass education activities.


  • States will contribute a minimum of 25% funds towards all components to match 75% Central Share. 
  • This will be 10% in the case of North East and special category States.

NOTE – This article was originally published in journalsofindia and can be viewed here

Tags: #bioagro, #farmer, #farming, #fertilizer, #Galvanizing, #getgreengetgrowing, #gngagritech, #gobardhan, #greenstories, #organic, #waste